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Days like these i wish i had a more thorough grounding in maths and physics instead of being a literature student with aspirations of learning programming...

Object Oriented Programming

A class is a programming language construct that is used as a blueprint to create objects.

A class is used to create new instances (objects) by instantiating the class.

Instances of a class share the same set of attributes, yet may differ in what those attributes contain.

The class would list types of such attributes and also define the actions which a instance can perform.

Objects define their interaction with the outside world through the methods that they expose. A method, or instance method, is a subroutine (function) with a special property that it has access to data stored in an object (instance). Methods that manipulate the data of the object and perform tasks are sometimes described as behavior.

Methods form the object's interface with the outside world.